I - General Notions and Norms 269-273|
II - The Calendar to be Followed in the Celebration of the Mass 274-284
III - The Conventual Mass 285-297
IV - The Mass on Sundays and Ferias 298-300
V - Festive Masses. 301-305
VI - Votive Masses 306-389
VII - Masses of the Dead 390-423
VIII - The Various Parts of the Mass 424-510
VIII A. The psalm Iudica me, Deus, the Confiteor and the incensing of the altar 424-426
VIII B. The Antiphon at the Introit and the Kyrie, Eleison 427-430
VIII C. The Hymn Gloria in excelsis 431-432
VIII D. The Collects 433-465
VIII E. The Lessons and the Rest up to the Gospel 466-474
VIII F. The Creed 475-475
VIII G. The Antiphon at the Offertory and the Secret Prayers 477-481
VIII H. The Preface 482-499
VIII I. The Canon of the Mass and the Rest to the Postcommunion 500-506
VIII L. The Conclusion of the Mass 507-510
IX - What Is to be said aloud and what quietly in the Mass 511-516
X - The Order of Kneeling, Sitting and Standing at Mass 517-524
XI - The Preparation of the Altar for Mass 525-530
I - General Notions and Norms
269. The most holy sacrifice of the Mass, celebrated according to the canons and rubrics, is an act of public worship, rendered to God in the name of Christ and of the Church. Hence, the expression “private Mass” is to be avoided.
270. The Mass with the divine office constitutes the highest expression of Christian worship. Hence, the Mass itself should agree with the office of the day.
271. There are two kind of Masses: sung Mass and low Mass. A Mass is called sung if the celebrating priest actually sings the parts which are to be sung by him according to the rubrics. Otherwise it is called low.
272. Of its nature the Mass demands that all those present take part in it, after the manner proper to them.
273. The following rubrics apply both to sung Masses and to low Masses, unless a more restricted application is expressly indicated.
II - The Calendar to be Followed in the Celebration of the Mass
274. The Mass is to be said according to the calendar of the church or oratory in which the Mass is celebrated, or of the place, or of the celebrating priest himself, or of the universal Church, as explained below.
275. In a church or public oratory, any priest, whether diocesan or religious, is obliged to celebrate according to the calendar of that church or public oratory.
276. In secondary oratories of a seminary, religious house, college, hospital, prison and the like, any priest may follow either the calendar of that oratory or his own.
277. In private oratories, and when he celebrates on a portable altar outside of a sacred place, any priest may follow either the calendar of the place or his own.
278. Every priest, even if he would otherwise be permitted to follow his own calendar, must celebrate the Mass of feasts of a principal patron of the nation, of the region or province, whether ecclesiastical or civil, of the diocese, of the town or city, as well as the Mass of the anniversary of the dedication of the cathedral church and the Mass of other feasts actually kept as holidays, if there are any such.
279. An oratory definitely established on a ship is a public oratory; and the calendar of the universal Church is to be followed in it. When anyone celebrates on a portable altar outside of any oratory of this kind, however, he may follow either the calendar of the universal Church or his own calendar. The same holds for one who celebrates lawfully during a journey by air, river or railroad.
280. In diocesan seminaries and diocesan colleges of clerics, in charge of religious, and also in interdiocesan, regional, national and international seminaries and college of clerics, likewise in charge of religious, the same calendar is followed which is prescribed for the recitation of the divine office in common (nos. 154-155).
281. In interprovincial, national and international colleges and houses of religious, the calendar proper to the whole order or congregation is to be followed (no. 55), with the addition only of the feasts specified in no. 57.
282. The diocesan calendar, with the addition of the feasts proper to the place and to the church or oratory, must be followed:
283. A religious calendar, with the edition of the feasts specified in no. 57 and of the feasts proper to a church or oratory, must be followed:
284. A priest who celebrates in a church or oratory where a different rite prevails, must keep to the calendar of that church or oratory with regard to the feasts and their rank, the commemorations and the collect imperata. As to the order of the Mass, however, he should take the variable parts proper to the rite of that church and keep the ceremonies and ordinary of his own rite.
III - The Conventual Mass
285. By “conventual Mass” is meant the Mass which is to be celebrated daily in connection with the divine office by those who are bound to choir by the laws of the Church.
286. On each day only one conventual Mass is to be said, which must agree with the office recited in choir, except on the days specified below in nos. 289-294.
287. The conventual Mass is to be said after terce unless the superior of the community for a serious reason judges that it should be said after sext or none.
288. Of itself, the conventual Mass should be solemn, or at least sung. But where particular laws or particular indults have dispensed from the solemnity of the Mass in choir, it is fitting that the choir members contribute direct liturgical participation to the low conventual Mass, reciting at least parts of the ordinary of the Mass. Further, the choir members are forbidden to continue their canonical hours as a choir during the conventual Mass.
289. On all ferias of the 4th class, unless there is an order to the contrary, one of the following may be said, with a commemoration of the occurring feria, in place of the conventual Mass corresponding to the office:
290. Except during Christmastide and Paschaltide, a conventual Mass for deceased priests, benefactors and others:
291. On the days of the greater and lesser litanies, where there is a procession, or where there are other special supplications, the conventual Mass must be of the rogations (nos. 346-347).
292. On the day of the coronation of the pope, and on the anniversaries of the pope and of the diocesan bishop, the conventual Mass in cathedral and collegiate churches is the Mass of those anniversaries, according to nos. 362-363.
293. On the anniversary of the most recently deceased bishop, and also on the anniversary which is celebrated within the eighth day after the commemoration of all the faithful departed for the souls of all the deceased bishops and of all the deceased canons of the cathedral church, the conventual Mass in the cathedral itself is the Mass of those anniversaries.
294. On the anniversaries of all the departed of any chapter or of any order of congregation with the obligation of choir, the Mass of those anniversaries is said for the conventual Mass.
295. On the commemoration of all the faithful departed, the Mass printed as the first for that day is to be used for the conventual Mass; and choir members are obliged to take part in that Mass only.
296. On the feast of Christmas two conventual Masses are said in choir, namely one at night and the other in the daytime.
297. When a bishop celebrates Mass solemnly or assists at it, or when a Mass is sung in choir which does not correspond to the office, by reason of some external solemnity, the choir members are obliged to take part in this Mass only, even if it is not applied for their benefactors; but the law must be observed that another Mass be applied by the one whose duty this is.
IV - The Mass on Sundays and Ferias.
298. All Sundays, whether of the 1st or the 2nd class, have a proper Mass. The Sundays after Epiphany which are transferred between the Twenty-third and the Twenty-fourth Sunday after Pentecost, however, take the antiphons at the introit, the offertory and the communion, as well as the gradual and the alleluia with its verse, from the Twenty-third Sunday after Pentecost, keeping their own collects, epistle and gospel.
299. Similarly, all ferias of Lent and Passiontide and the ember days of Advent and of September have a proper Mass. On the rest of the ferias the Mass of the preceding Sunday is said, and from this Mass also the collects are taken whenever the feria is to be commemorated, unless the rubrics provide otherwise.
300. On Ember Saturdays and on Sitientes Saturday (of the 4th week in Lent), the Mass during which holy orders are conferred is to be of the Saturday, even if a feast of the 1st or 2nd class occurs.
V - Festive Masses.
301. The Mass of a feast, in the proper sense, is understood to be the Mass of the mystery, saint or blessed celebrated according to the order of the office.
302. In a broader sense, however, the following are also called Masses of a feast:
303. The festive Masses listed in the preceding section enjoy all the liturgical privileges to which they would be entitled if the feast were being celebrated with its whole office. However:
304. The Masses which are called festive in a broader sense are prohibited in churches having only one Mass:
305. The following rules are to be observed for choosing the formula of a festive Mass outside of the conventual Mass:
VI - Votive Masses
A. Votive Masses in General
306. The term “votive Mass” refers to a Mass which is said outside of the order of the office or of the commemoration of the current day, and is not a mystery or a saint whose entry is given on that day in the martyrology.
307. A votive Mass may be:
308. The following may be celebrated as votive Masses of the mysteries of the Lord:
309. The following may be celebrated as votive Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary:
310. The following may be celebrated as votive Masses of angels:
311. It is permissible to celebrate as votive Masses of saints the Masses of any canonized saint having an entry in the Roman martyrology, or in an appendix to the martyrology approved for the respective churches.
312. Votive Masses of blessed are permitted, by apostolic indult, only in the triduum which is celebrated in their honor within a year from their beatification.
313. Votive Masses “for various occasions and intentions” (ad diversa) are given in the missal or in an appendix to the missal approved for certain churches, to be celebrated on special occasions or in view of special needs.
314. For a votive Mass of mysteries of the Lord the Mass of the respective feast is taken, unless it is expressly indicated that another is to be used; or a special votive Mass.
315. For a votive Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of angels and of saints, the Mass of the respective feast is taken if one is given in the missal, whether in the proper of the saints or among the Masses “for certain places,” unless another Mass is expressly indicated in the missal as the votive Mass.
316. For any peculiar necessity the proper votive Mass is taken if one is given in the missal. If none is given, the “Mass for any necessity” is taken, and collects appropriate to the necessity in question are used instead of the collects of this Mass, if they are found among the “various collects.”
317. Any votive Mass of the mysteries of the Lord, of the Blessed Virgin Mary or of a saint, is prohibited whenever a liturgical day of the 1st or 2nd class occurs on which the office is of the same person. Then the Mass of the current office is to be said instead of the votive Mass. But when the liturgical day of the 3rd or 4th class occurs, either the Mass of the office of the day or the votive Mass may be chosen, with no commemoration of the other.
318. The collect of an impeded votive Mass is added under a single conclusion to the collect of the Mass of the day only if the votive Mass is of the 1st or 2nd class, and only if a day listed under nos. 1, 2, 3 and 8 in the table of precedence does not occur.
319. The rules established below (nos. 330b, 343b, 386b, 389b) for the different classes of votive Masses are to be observed in admitting and ordering the collects in votive Masses.
320. Directions concerning the Gloria and the creed in votive Masses are given in the respective places, when the questions of the different classes of votive Masses are taken up, and below at nos. 431-432 and 475-476.
321. If there is a sequence, it is omitted in votive Masses.
322. The preface which is proper to each votive Mass is said. If there is no proper preface, the preface of the season or the common preface is said, according to the general rules.
323. The color of vestments in votive Masses should be the color appropriate to each Mass; but in nonconventual low votive Masses of the 4th class, it is also permissible to use the color of the office of the day, provided, however, that violet and black are reserved solely to the Masses to which they belong of themselves.
324. Unless particular rubrics prescribe otherwise, a votive Mass may be either a sung Mass or a low Mass.
325. Votive Masses are of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th class. The classes are considered individually in the following sections.
326. Any votive Mass whatsoever is prohibited in churches having only one Mass:
327. Whenever a Mass is indicated in the rubrics or in a special indult as a votive Mass of a certain class, it is to be arranged according to the rules and privileges established for that class of votive Masses.
B. Votive Masses of the First Class
I - Votive Masses of the First Class in General
328. By a votive Mass of the 1st class is meant a votive Mass which may be celebrated on all liturgical days except those listed under nos. 1-8 in the tabele of precedence; the prescription at no. 332 is observed, however.
329. Votive Masses of the 1st Class, provided for by the general rubrics, are:
330. The privileges of votive Masses of the 1st class are:
II - Masses of the Dedication in the Actual Consecration of a Church
331. Although the consecration of churches may be done by right on any day, it is more appropriate that it be done on Sundays and feast days. It is prohibited, however, on the vigil and the feast of Christmas, on the feasts of the Lord’s Epiphany and Ascension and of Corpus Christi, on the days from the Second Sunday of the Passion or Palm Sunday to Easter Sunday inclusive, on Pentecost Sunday, and on the day of the commemoration of all the faithful departed.
332. The Mass of the dedication in the actual consecration of a church or oratory is a part of the whole rite of consecration. Hence, it is to be celebrated whenever a church or oratory is consecrated, even on the days on which other votive Masses of the 1st class are prohibited.
333. In the Mass of the dedication of the actual consecration of a church, the collect of the mystery or saint in whose honor the church or oratory is being consecrated is added under a single conclusion, and no other commemoration, even a privileged one, is admitted.
334. Other Masses celebrated in the church or oratory on the day of the consecration, after the rite is over, may be said of the dedication, as votive Masses of the 1st class.
III - Masses at Euchartistic Congresses
335. On each day of a diocesan, regional, national or international Eucharistic congress, the principal Mass celebrated, provided it is sung, may be of the Blessed Sacrament, as a votive Mass of the 1st class.
336. In the rest of the public celebrations of the same congresses, the Mass of the Blessed Sacrament may be celebrated as a votive Mass of the 2nd class.
337. The individual priests who take part in the Eucharistic congress may celebrate the Mass of the Blessed Sacrament as a votive Mass of the 3rd class.
IV - Votive Masses in Certain Extraordinary Celebrations
338. The privileges indicated in this paragraph apply to Masses:
339. A special indult of the Holy See is required for conducting the celebrations specified in the preceding section.
340. On each day of these celebrations there is permitted:
C. Votive Masses of the Second Class
I - Votive Masses of the 2nd Class in General
341. By a votive Mass of the 2nd class is meant a votive Mass which may be celebrated on all liturgical days of the 2nd , 3rd and 4th class. The Mass for bride and bridegroom and the Mass of thanksgiving on the 25th or 50th wedding anniversary are prohibited, however, on all Sundays.
342. Votive Masses of the 2nd class, provided for by the general rubrics, are:
343. The privileges of votive Masses of the 2nd class are:
344. Votive Masses of the 2nd class are governed by the general norms mentioned in no. 343; but the things proper to each Mass are indicated below.
II - The Votive Mass at the Solemn Blessing of a Church or Oratory, and at the Consecration of an Altar
345. At the solemn blessing of a church or oratory, and at the consecration of an altar, when the rite is over, there is said as a votive Mass of the 2nd class the Mass of the mystery or the saint in whose honor the church or oratory has been blessed, or the altar has been consecrated.
III - The Mass of Rogations on the Greater and Lesser Litanies
346. On the greater and the lesser litanies (nos. 80-90), in churches in which there is a procession or in which special supplications are held by order of the local ordinary (no. 83), the Mass of the rogations is said as a votive Mass of the 2nd class (see no. 86).
347. The Mass of Rogations, or the Mass of the day which takes the place of the impeded votive Mass, is considered a part of the whole liturgical service; and it is said regularly after the procession is over, or after the special supplications are over.
IV - Votive Masses on the Occasion of the Forty Hours Devotion, or Some Other Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament
348. For the exposition and the reposition of the Blessed Sacrament for the Forty Hours devotion, whether continuous or interrupted, the Mass of the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist is sung as a votive Mass of the 2nd class at the altar of the exposition.
349. On the middle day of the exposition, at an altar where the Blessed Sacrament is not exposed, either the Mass of the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist or another votive Mass suitable to the special needs of the place may be sung as a votive Mass of the 2nd class.
350. On days on which votive Masses of the 4th class are permitted by the rubrics, it is fitting that Masses celebrated in a church in which the Forty Hours devotion is being held be of the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist.
351. On the commemoration of all the faithful departed:
352. On February 2, Ash Wednesday and the Second Passion Sunday or Palm Sunday, if there is the blessing of candles, ashes or palms respectively, if the Blessed Sacrament has been exposed for the adoration of the Forty Hours, the procedure is this. At the time of the blessing and the procession or the imposition of ashes, either the Blessed Sacrament is transferred to another altar at which the adoration can be continued without detriment to the piety of the faithful, or the Blessed Sacrament is put away, and the adoration is resumed after the blessing and the procession or the imposition of ashes together with the Mass. And this procedure may fittingly be observed also on the commemoration of All the Faithful Departed, for the principal Mass of the day and the subsequent absolution at the catafalque.
353. For the exposition of the Blessed Sacrament for public adoration which lasts for one day, the Mass of the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist may be said as a votive Mass of the second class.
354. For the exposition of the Blessed Sacrament for public adoration which lasts only for some hours, however, the Mass of the day is said without any commemoration of the Blessed Sacrament.
355. In Masses celebrated by indult at the altar of exposition during the adoration, the collect of the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist is added under a single conclusion, provided it is not a Sunday and there is neither office nor Mass nor commemoration of Christ the Lord.
V - Votive Masses on the External Solemnity of Feasts
356. The “external solemnity” of any feast means the celebration of the feast without an office, for the good of the faithful, either on the day on which the feast is impeded, or on a Sunday when the feast occurs during the week, or on some other established day.
357. An external solemnity either belongs to a feast by right or is granted by a special indult.
358. An external solemnity belongs by right only to:
359. If an external solemnity belongs to a feast by right, and is not among those for which a certain day is assigned no. 358 above, it may be held either on the day on which the feast is impeded or on the Sunday immediately preceding or immediately following the office of the impeded feast, according to the rubrics.
360. One sung and one low Mass, or two low Masses, as votive Masses of the 2nd class, may be celebrated of the feast whose external solemnity is being held, except for the case specified in no. 358c.
361. The external solemnities granted by special indult to certain dioceses, churches or religious families before this date remain in force, with this restriction, however, that they are prohibited on liturgical days of the 1st class, and that never more than two Masses of the same solemnity may be celebrated.
VI - Votive Masses on the Day of the Coronation of the Pope
362. On the day of the coronation of the pope; on the anniversary of the coronation of the pope; on the anniversary of the election or of the consecration or of the transferal of the diocesan bishop (once, that is, on the day chosen by the bishop himself), for the conventual Mass in cathedral and collegiate churches, the proper votive Mass is said after the manner of votive Masses of the 2nd class.
363. If this votive Mass is impeded, however, the following rules are observed:
364. On those days listed above in no. 362, in all churches and in all Masses except those of the dead, the collect for the pope or the collect for the bishop is added, as indicated below, no. 449. But this collect is transferred whenever the Mass is transferred in cathedral and collegiate churches.
365. One Mass “On the Anniversary of the Coronation of the Pope” is permitted, with the consent of the local ordinary, as a votive Mass of the 2nd class, in the individual churches, on a day on which special celebrations are held in honor of the pope.
VII - Votive Mass for a Matter of Public Importance
366. A votive Mass “for a matter of public importance” means a Mass which is celebrated with a large attendance of the people, by order of the local ordinary or with his consent, for some serious need or spiritual or temporal advantage which affects the community or a notable part of it.
367. Only one votive Mass for a serious matter is permitted in any one church; and the Mass corresponding to the need is taken, or, if there is no such Mass, the “Mass for Any Necessity,” according to what is indicated at no. 366, for his own parish.
VIII - The Mass “For the Propagation of the Faith”
369. One Mass “For the Propagation of the Faith” may be celebrated, as a votive Mass of the 2nd class, in the individual churches, on a day on which special celebrations are held for the missions, and on the occasion of a mission congress.
IX - Votive Mass on Certain Special Occasions
370. The Masses with which this section deals are concerned with special celebrations proper to certain particular groups or to only a part of the faithful.
371. A Mass of this kind, a single Mass for the individual occasion, is a votive Mass of the 2nd class, and is celebrated either by order of the respective ordinary or with his consent.
372. A suitable Mass is chosen to be celebrated on these occasions, according to the different kinds of occasions; for example, of the Holy Spirit, of thanksgiving, of some mystery of the Lord, of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of a saint, or from among the votive Masses for various intentions and occasions.
X - Votive Masses at Shrines
373. A “shrine” means a church or a sacred edifice dedicated to the public offering of divine worship, which for some special reason conducive to piety has been chosen by the faithful as a goal of pilgrimages for the purpose of imploring graces or fulfilling vows. The special motive of piety may be, for example, a sacred image venerated there, a relic kept there, a miracle which God has worked there, a special indulgence to be gained there.
374. Votive Masses granted or to be granted in the future by indult of the Holy See to shrines or other places of piety are votive Masses of the second class.
375. A votive Mass may be celebrated at all the altars of the shrine on each day on which votive Masses of the 2nd class are permitted, but only by pilgrim priests, or whenever the Mass is said on behalf of the pilgrims.
376. Similarly, in places of piety a votive Mass may be celebrated as a votive Mass of the 2nd class by priests visiting that place of piety.
377. Aside from the cases specified in nos. 375 and 376, a votive Mass may be celebrated only as a votive Mass of the 4th class.
XI - The Votive Mass “For Bride and Bridegroom” and the Mass of Thanksgiving on the 25th and 50th Wedding Anniversary
378. The votive Mass “For Bride and Bridegroom,” or at least its collect in the Mass of the day which impedes it, is permitted whenever a wedding is celebrated, whether outside of the closed time or even in the closed time, if the local ordinary for a good reason has permitted the solemn nuptial blessing.
379. Besides the days on which votive Masses of the 2nd class are prohibited, the Mass “For Bride and Bridegroom” is prohibited also on Sundays and whenever, according to no. 381c, the nuptial blessing cannot be given.
380. Whenever the Mass “For Bride and Bridegroom,” but not the nuptial blessing, is prohibited, the Mass of the office of the day is said, and to its collect is added under a single conclusion the collect of the impeded votive Mass, even on those days on which, according to no. 343c, a commemoration of an impeded votive Mass of the 2nd class is prohibited; and the nuptial blessing is given in the usual way in the Mass of the day.
381. With regard to the Mass “For the Bride and Bridegroom” and the nuptial blessing, these points shall also be observed:
382. For thanksgiving on the 25th or 50th wedding anniversary, either the Mass of the Most Holy Trinity or a Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary may be said as a votive Mass of the 2nd class, the collect for thanksgiving being added under a single conclusion with the first collect.
XII - Certain other Votive Masses of the 2nd
383. Aside from the votive Masses of the 2nd class listed in the preceding sections, the votive low Masses must be recalled which are permitted as votive Masses of the 2nd class in the celebration of a Eucharistic congress (no. 336) and in certain extraordinary celebrations (no. 340-b).
D. Votive Masses of the 3rd Class
384. By a votive Mass of the 3rd class is meant a votive Mass which may be celebrated on liturgical days of the 3rd and 4th class.
385. Votive Masses of the 3rd class, provided for by the general rubrics, are:
386. The plan for votive Masses of the 3rd class is this:
E. Votive Masses of the 4th Class
387. A votive Mass of the 4th class is a votive Mass which may be celebrated only on liturgical days of the 4th class.
388. For a votive Mass of the 4th class any Mass permitted by the rubrics as a votive Mass may be taken. A just cause is required, however, namely the need, utility or devotion of celebrating priest or of the faithful.
389. In the arrangement of a votive Mass of the 4th class the following points are to be observed:
VII - Masses of the Dead
A. Masses of the Dead in General
390. The Masses for the dead which are celebrated on the commemoration of all the faithful departed are according to the order of the office; all other Masses for the dead are outside the order of the office.
391. In Masses of the dead no commemoration is made of the office of the current day.
392. Masses of the dead are of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th class. The following sections deal with the different classes.
393. Any Mass of the dead whatsoever, including the funeral Mass, is prohibited:
394. The first of those which are given for the commemoration of all the faithful departed is taken, with the proper collects assigned in the missal among the “various prayers” for the departed:
395. The Mass is entitled “On the Day of Death or Burial” is said for the departed who are not priests:
396. The Mass which is entitled “On the Anniversary of the Departed” is taken on the anniversaries of the departed who are not priests.
397. The “daily” Mass is taken for all the departed of any order or rank outside of the days listed above.
398. With regard to the collects in Masses of the dead, the following rules are to be observed:
399. The sequence Dies irae:
400. Any Mass for the dead may be either sung or low.
401. The absolution over the corpse or over a catafalque:
B. First Class Masses of the Dead
I - First class Masses of the Dead in General
402. First class Masses of the Dead are:
II - The Masses on the Day of the Commemoration of All the Faithful Departed
403. On the day of the commemoration of All the Faithful Departed, every priest may celebrate three Masses, as in the missal on this day.
404. In saying the Masses of this day, the following points are to be observed:
III - The Funeral Mass
405. By a “funeral Mass” is understood the single Mass for the departed which is directly connected with the funeral of any departed person. Of itself this Mass is to be celebrated with the corpse present; but it may be also celebrated, for a good reason, even though the corpse is absent or already buried.
406. The funeral Mass is prohibited:
407. If the office of any feast specified in no. 406 is to be accidentally transferred to another day according to the rubrics, the funeral Mass is prohibited on the day on which the feast is impeded; but if the external solemnity of any feast is held on Sunday, the funeral Mass is prohibited on the day on which the external solemnity is held, but not on the feast day.
408. On the commemoration of All the Faithful Departed, the first Mass is taken for a funeral Mass, with the collects to be said in the funeral Mass for the respective departed person. But if the first Mass is celebrated for the office of the day, the second or finally the third Mass is taken for the funeral Mass.
C. Second Class Masses of the Dead in General
I - Second Class Masses of the Dead in General
410. Second Class Masses of the dead are:
411. All 2nd class Masses of the dead are said as on the day of death; they are permitted, however, only if:
II - Masses for the Day of Death
412. By “Masses for the day of death” are meant Masses which are celebrated for any deceased person from the day of death until the day of burial:
III - The Mass after Receiving News of the Death
413. By the “Mass after receiving news of the death” is meant a single Mass which may be said for any deceased person in any church or oratory on a convenient day after news of the person’s death has been received.
IV - The Mass at the Final Burial of the Deceased
414. By the “Mass at the final burial of the deceased” is meant a single Mass which may be said in the church or oratory of that place where the body of a deceased person already buried is brought for final burial, on the day of that final burial.
D. Third Class Mass of the Dead
I - 3rd Class Mass of the Dead in General
415. Third class Masses of the Dead are:
II - The Mass on the 3rd, 7th and 30th Day from the Death or Burial
417. On the 3rd, 7th and the 30th day, counting from the death or the burial of the deceased, a single Mass for the deceased person may be said in any church or oratory as on the day of death, with the proper collects as found at the end of this Mass.
III - The Mass “On the Anniversary”
418. “Anniversary” taken strictly means the yearly recurrence of the day of death or burial of any deceased person. Taken in a broad sense, however, it means either the anniversary to be celebrated once every year, as established by a “foundation,” outside of the day of death or burial, or a celebration which is held for all the departed of some group, likewise once a year, either on a day established by a “foundation” or by custom of the group or on a day to be established by the group or by the celebrating priest.
419. On these days, in any church or oratory, one Mass is permitted, to be said as on the anniversary; and whenever it is prohibited by the rubrics, it may be transferred to the next day not so impeded.
IV - Masses in Cemetery Churches and Chapels
420. By a cemetery church or chapel is meant:
421. As long as they are applied for the deceased, the Masses celebrated in these places may be Requiem Masses. The “daily Mass” is used, with the appropriate collect.
V - Masses of the Dead within the Octave of the Commemoration of All the Faithful Departed
422. Within eight days counted from the day of the commemoration of all the faithful departed inclusive, all Masses applied for all or certain ones of the deceased may be said as Requiem Masses. The “daily” Mass is used, with the appropriate collect.
E. Fourth Class or “Daily” Masses of the Dead
423. Fourth class Masses of the dead are other “daily” Masses of the dead, which may be celebrated instead of the Mass corresponding to the office of the day, only on ferias of the fourth class outside of Christmastide.
VIII - The Various Parts of the Mass
A. The psalm Iudica me, Deus, the Confiteor and the incensing of the altar
424. The psalm Iudica me, Deus with its antiphon, and the Confiteor with the absolution, are said before the steps of the altar in any Mass, whether sung or low. They are omitted, however, together with the subsequent verses and the prayers Aufer a nobis and Oramus te, Domine in:
425. The psalm Iudica me, Deus is omitted:
426. The incensations which must be done in a solemn Mass may also be done in all sung Masses.
B. The Antiphon at the Introit and the Kyrie, Eleison
427. At the introit an antiphon is said with a verse of a psalm and the Gloria Patri and then the antiphon is repeated.
428. The Gloria Patri at the introit is omitted in Masses of the season from the First Passion Sunday to Thursday of the Lord’s Supper, and in Masses of the dead.
429. In Paschaltide a double alleluia is added to the antiphon at the introit, unless it is already there. On the other hand, in any antiphon at the introit, the alleluia is omitted whenever the Mass is said outside of Paschaltide, unless an exception is indicated in certain Masses.
430. The Kyrie, eleison is said nine times after the repetition of the antiphon at the introit, that is, Kyrie, eleison, three times, Christe, eleison, three times and Kyrie, eleison, three times.<.p>
431. The hymn Gloria in excelsis is said: 432. The hymn Gloria in excelsis is omitted:
431. The hymn Gloria in excelsis is said:
432. The hymn Gloria in excelsis is omitted:
433. By “collects” (orationes), in the Mass, are to be understood:
434. Included in the number of collects established for the different liturgical days are not only the collect of the Mass and the commemorations but also the other collects, whether prescribed by the rubrics, or ordered by the ordinary, or votive. After the collect of the Mass, then:
435. Any collect which exceeds the number established for the different liturgical days is omitted; certainly under no pretext is it permissible for the collects to exceed three in number.
436. The collect proper to the Mass is always said under its own conclusion, unless another collect is to be joined to it under the same conclusion, as will be said below in nos. 444-445.
437. Always said under one conclusion are:
438. If two collects are composed of almost the same words in the first or second part, the second collect:
439. In collects of a transferred or re-assigned office, the words hanc or hodiernam or praesentem diem (“this day” or “today” or “this present day”) or the like are not to be changed.
440. Whenever the words Flectamus genua. Levate (Let us kneel. Arise), occur in the missal, they are to be pronounced by the deacon in a solemn Mass, by the celebrant in other Masses. After the Flectamus genua all kneel with the celebrant and pray silently for a while. When Levate is said, all rise, and the celebrant says the collect.
441. As to what collects and how many are said in Masses of the dead, the rules laid down in no. 398 are to be observed.
II - The Collects in Masses with Several Lessons
442. In Masses with several lessons (nos. 467-468), the commemorations and other collects are placed after the collect which precedes the last lesson or the epistle; and only this collect is counted in computing the number of collects.
443. For the commemoration of a feria, the Mass of which has several lessons, the first collect is taken, namely one that has been said at lauds.
III - Collects to be Said under a Single Conclusion with the Collect of the Mass
444. A second collect is added to the collect of the Mass under a single conclusion only if there is question of:
445. Only one other collect may be said under a single conclusion with the collect of the Mass.
446. A collect to be said under a single conclusion with the collect of the Mass is counted as one with the collect; and it is to be said also in sung Masses.
IV - Ritual Collects
447. By “ritual collect” is meant a collect to be said in a Mass which is connected with the following blessings or consecrations:
448. In Masses in which a ritual collect is added, all other collects except privileged commemorations are excluded.
V - The Collects on the Day of Coronation of the Pope and on the Anniversaries of the Pope and of the Diocesan Bishop
449. On the day of the coronation of the pope and on its anniversary, and on the anniversary of the election or the consecration or the transferral of the diocesan bishop (once, that is, on the day chosen by the bishop himself), in all Masses except those of the dead, the collect for the pope or for the bishop is added under a single conclusion with the collect of the day, provided a liturgical day listed under nos. 1, 2, 3 and 8 in the table of precedence does not occur (see no. 363).
450. Whenever it is impeded, the collect for the pope or for the bishop is transferred to the next day not so impeded, in the same way in which the conventual Mass for the same anniversaries is transferred in cathedral and collegiate churches (no. 364).
VI - The Collect for the Priest Himself on the Anniversary of His Own Ordination to the Priesthood
451. On the anniversary of his own ordination to the priesthood, every priest may add the collect for himself to the collect of the Mass under a single conclusion, provided a liturgical day listed under nos. 1, 2, 3 and 8 in the table of precedence does not occur.
452. Whenever it is impeded, the collect for the priest himself may be transferred to the next day not so impeded.
VII - The Collect “For the Propagation of the Faith”
453. On the next to last Sunday of October, or on another Sunday designated by the local ordinary as being “for the missions,” in all Masses, the collect “For the Propagation of the Faith” is added to the collect of the Mass under a single conclusion, except on the days listed under nos. 1, 2, 3 and 8 in the table of precedence.
VIII - The Oratio Imperata
454. By “oratio imperata” is meant a collect which the local ordinary may order to be said when a grave need or calamity of a public character occurs.
455. Any collect from the Mass which may be celebrated as votive Masses, or from the prayers for various intentions and occasions, or from the Mass and prayers for the departed, may be prescribed by the local ordinary as an oratio imperata.
456. It is most fitting that the local ordinary do not impose on oratio imperata as a permanent thing, but only for a really serious reason and for a period not exceeding the time of real need.
457. The oratio imperata:
458. An oratio imperata for the departed is said only on ferias of the 4th class and in low votive or Requiem Masses of the 4th class.
459. In a public calamity or necessity which of its nature persists for a rather long time (for example, war, plague, and the like), the local ordinary may indeed impose a suitable oratio imperata for the whole time of the unfortunate event; but this collect:
460. If an urgent, grave need or calamity of a public character occurs, and there is not time to approach the local ordinary, the pastor may order the appropriate collect to be said for the three successive days within the boundaries of his parish, even in exempt churches and oratories. This prayer is prohibited on the same days and in the same Masses as a prayer ordered by the local ordinary (no. 457-d); which latter, if it was to be said, is omitted.
IX - The Votive Collect
461. Every priest may add one collect if he so chooses in all low non-conventual Masses on liturgical days of the 4th class.
462. The votive collect may be chosen from the Masses which may be celebrated as votive Masses, or from prayers for various intentions and occasions, or from Masses and prayers for the departed.
463. This collect is put in the last place, after the other collects, but it must not bring the number of collects to more than three.
464. A votive collect for the departed may be added in low non-conventual Requiem Masses of the 4th class.
465. In the collect A cunctis (From all dangers), either the titular of one’s own church, or any principal patron, or the founder or the title of the order of congregation may be named. For the rest, the rubrics found in the missal for this collect should be observed.
E. The Lessons and the Rest up to the Gospel
466. After the collects, the epistle is said, and Deo gratias is the response at the end.
467. One lesson precedes the epistle:
468. Five lessons precede the epistle on ember Saturdays; and Deo gratias is answered at the end of each lesson except after the lesson from the prophet Daniel.
469. After the epsitle is said the gradual, the alleluia with its verses or the tract, as indicated in its place in the missal.
470. The sequence is said before the last alleluia or after the tract. It is omitted in votive Masses. With regard to the sequence Dies irae, the rules laid down in no. 399 are to be observed.
471. At the beginning of the gospel is said Dominus vobiscum and the response Et cum spiritu tuo; then Sequentia (or Initium) sancti Evangelii secundum N. and the response Gloria tibi, Domine; and the response at the end is Laus tibi, Christe.
472. In Holy Week, before the reading of the history of the Lord’s Passion, the Dominus vobiscum is not said, nor the Sequentia sancti Evangelii, Gloria tibi, Domine, but Passio Domini nostri Jesu Christi secundum N. and Laus tibi, Christe is not answered at the end.
473. In sung Masses, everything sung or read by the deacon or the subdeacon or a lector in virtue of his own office is omitted by the celebrant.
474. After the gospel, especially on Sundays and holy days of obligation, a short homily should be preached to the people if it is convenient. The homily, however, if it is preached by a priest other than the celebrant, must not be superimposed on the celebration of the Mass, preventing the participation of the faithful. In such case, therefore, the celebration of the Mass should be suspended, to be resumed only after the homily is completed.
F. The Creed
475. After the gospel or after the homily, the creed is said:
476. The creed is not said:
G. The Antiphon at the Offertory and the Secret Prayers477. After the creed or, if the creed is not to be said, after the gospel or the homily, Dominus vobiscum is said, the response Et cum spiritu tuo, and Oremus; then the antiphon at the offertory, which is lacking only in the Mass of the Easter vigil.
478. In paschaltide an Alleluia is added to the antiphon at the offertory unless it already has one. The Alleluia which is sometimes found at the end of the antiphon at the offertory is kept outside of paschaltide, except from Septuagesima to Easter.
479. The offering of the host and of the chalice and the subsequent actions are done as in the ordinary of the Mass.
480. The “secret” prayer is said silently, without Dominus vobiscum or Oremus. The number of secret prayers said is the same as the number of collects said in the first part of the Mass. They are said in the same order and concluded in the same manner as the other prayers.
481. The conclusion of the last secret prayer is said silently up to the words Per omnia saecula saeculorum, which are pronounced aloud.
H. The Preface
482. The preface is said which is proper to each Mass; if there is no proper one, the preface of the season is said, or the common one.
483. No commemoration occurring in the Mass brings along a proper preface.
484. The preface of Christmas is said:
485. The preface of the Epiphany of our Lord is said:
486. The preface of Lent is said:
487. The preface of the Holy Cross is said:
488. The preface of the Chrism Mass is said on Thursday of the Lord’s Supper, in its own Mass.
489. The Preface of Easter is said:
490. The preface of the Ascension of our Lord is said:
491. The preface of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus is said in festive and votive Masses of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus.
492. The preface of our Lord Jesus Christ the King is said in festive and votive Masses of our Lord Jesus Christ the King.
493. The preface of the Holy Spirit is said:
494. The preface of the Most Holy Trinity is said:
495. The preface of the Blessed Virgin Mary is said in festive and votive Masses of the Blessed Virgin Mary, except on the feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
496. The preface of St. Joseph is said in festive and votive Masses of St. Joseph.
497. The preface of the apostles is said in festive and votive Masses of the apostles and evangelists.
498. The common preface is said in Masses which lack a proper preface and are not to take a preface of the season.
499. The preface of the dead is said in Masses of the dead.
I. The Canon of the Mass and the Rest to the Postcommunion
500. After the preface and the Sanctus, the canon of the Mass is said silently, as in the ordinary of the Mass.
501. Whenever as change occurs in the Communicantes, the Hanc igitur and the Qui pridie, this is noted in its place in the proper Masses.
502. The proper time for distributing holy communion to the faithful is within the Mass, after the communion of the celebrating priest, who himself distributes it to those who seek it, unless it is appropriate by reason of the great number of communicants that he be helped by another priest or priests.
504. When the Canon and all the rest up to the communion have been completed, the antiphon at the communion is said, and an Alleluia is added at the end if it is paschaltide, unless it already has one. The Alleluia which is sometimes found at the end of this antiphon is kept outside of paschaltide, except from Setuagesima to Easter.
505. The postcommunion prayers are said to the same number and in the same manner and order as the collects in the first part of the Mass.
506. In Masses of the ferias of Lent and passiontide, except for the sacred triduum, when the last postcommunion prayer has been said, there is added the prayer over the people, which is always said with its own conclusion, and to which is prefixed Oremus. Humiliate capita vestra Deo. This prayer is to be said even when there have already been three postcommunion prayers.
L. The Conclusion of the Mass
507. At the end of the Mass is said Ite, missa est, to which is answered Deo gratias.
508. When the Placeat has been said, the blessing is given. The blessing is omitted only when Benedicamus Domino or Requiescant in pace has been said.
509. For the last gospel in any Mass, the beginning of the gospel according to St. John is regularly taken.
510. The last gospel is omitted altogether:
IX - What Is to be said aloud and what quietly in the Mass
511. In a low Mass the following are said aloud:
512. The priest must take great care to pronounce the words that are to be spoken aloud distinctly and becomingly. He should not go so fast that he cannot pay attention to what he is reading, nor so slowly as to become tedious to his hearers. Nor, if he is celebrating at a secondary altar, should he raise his voice so as to disturb others who may happen to be celebrating in the same church at that time; nor should he lower it so much that he cannot be heard by those nearby. He must pronounce the words that are to be said quietly in such a way that he hears himself but is not heard by those nearby.
513. In a solemn Mass the celebrant:
514. In sung Masses, that is, those sung without sacred ministers, the celebrant must observe what has been said in the preceding section, and he must sing the parts proper to the sacred ministers. The epistle may be sung by a lector. If it is not sung by a lector, it will be satisfactory for the celebrant to read it without chant; the celebrant may, however, sing the epistle in the usual way.
515. The solemn tone is used in the chant of the collects, the preface, and the Lord’s Prayer:
516. The ferial tone is used:
X - The Order of Kneeling, Sitting and Standing at Mass
517. In a low Mass the celebrating priest genuflects:
518. In sung Masses the celebrating priest genuflects:
519. The ministers in sung Masses always genuflect with the celebrating priest, except for the subdeacon holding the book at the gospel, and the acolytes holding the candles, who do not genuflect at that time. And when the deacon sings the words at which a genuflection is to be made, he himself genuflects toward the book, while the celebrant and all others genuflect towards the altar. At the consecration, the ministers kneel on both knees.
520. In the choir, those who are not prelates kneel at the Confiteor with its psalm and at the celebrant’s blessing at the end of the Mass. Prelates and canons, however, bow their head profoundly at the blessing.
521. Moreover all, including prelates, kneel in choir:
522. Likewise in choir all genuflect on one knee:
523. In a solemn Mass the celebrant may sit between the deacon and the subdeacon near the altar at the epistle side while the Kyrie, eleison, the Gloria in excelsis, the sequence and the Credo are being sung. The rest of the time he stands at the altar, or genuflects, as above. These rules apply also to a sung Mass that is not solemn.
524. In the choir those who are actually singing do not sit, but the rest may sit:
XI - The Preparation of the Altar for Mass
525. The altar on which the most holy sacrifice of the Mass is to be celebrated must be wholly of stone, and duly consecrated; or at least it must have a stone slab, or an altar stone, likewise duly consecrated, large enough to hold the host and the greater part of the chalice; or again, by apostolic indult, an antimension, duly blessed.
526. The altar must be covered by three cloths, duly blessed, of which one must be long enough to hang to the ground at the sides.
527. On the altar, at the middle, there must be a cross of adequate size with the image of the Crucified, and on each side of it candlesticks with lighted candles, to the number required by the kind of Mass. The so-called “tables of secret prayers” or altar cards are to be put on the altar also, but only for the time of the Mass; and, at the epistle side, a cushion or a lectern for supporting the Missal.
528. At the epistle side, on a table meant for this purpose, cruets of wine and water with a dish and a towel should be prepared, also a little bell, and a paten for the communion of the faithful.
529. Nothing whatsoever is to be put on the altar which does not pertain to the sacrifice of the Mass or to the adornment of the altar itself.
530. Where the custom prevails of lighting a candle, near the altar, from the consecration to the communion, that custom should be preserved.
Fr. Kevin Seasoltz, The New Liturgy: A Documentation, 1903-1966. Herder & Herder, NY, 1966, 346-382.